Oscillators based on unidirectional viscous flow of magnetic flux quanta in long Josephson tunnel junctions with high damping have been experimentally investigated by harmonic mixing and frequency multiplication at frequencies up to 450 GHz. An integral spectral linewidth of two flux-flow oscillators (FFO) as low as 750 kHz was found at 280 GHz. Presently no theory exists for the linewidth of the FFO. Above a few MHz the experimental linewidth scales with the square of the dynamic resistance of the dc I-V curve as found for short Josephson junctions and oscillators based on resonant motion of fluxons in under-damped long Josephson tunnel junctions. Based on calculations assuming wideband thermal noise, we find that the effective temperature of the FFO appears to be much higher than its physical temperature. Different models are discussed in order to explain this discrepancy. Finally harmonic phase locking of a FFO at 355 GHz is demonstrated.
Bibliographical noteCopyright (1995) by the American Physical Society.
- JOSEPHSON OSCILLATOR
- SUBMILLIMETER WAVE REGION