Spectral Albedo in Bifacial Photovoltaic Modeling: What can be learned from Onsite Measurements?

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Abstract

This contribution reports on a yearlong spectral albedo measurement campaign performed in Roskilde, Denmark. Four albedo scenarios are monitored using three sensor types. The ground surfaces include green grass, dry grass, gravel, and snow – all of which have been monitored with albedometers based on spectroradiometers, silicon-pyranometers, and thermopile pyranometers. Implications of using the various albedo data sources/assumptions in bifacial PV modeling are assessed with the spectrally weighted bifacial energy gain (BEG). We find that BEG differs by as much as 3% using the three albedo sensors and can deviate by 7% from the ground truth when an incorrect static spectral albedo assumption is used. Finally, the spectral mismatch factor (SMM) is calculated to summarize rear plane of array (POA) spectral shifts. Our measurements show midday backside POA spectral shifts as high as 25% for Silicon bifacial PV devices mounted on single axis trackers above grass.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 48th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
PublisherIEEE
Publication date2021
Pages0942-0949
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-3018-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventInternational 2021 IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - Virtual conference
Duration: 20 Jun 202125 Jun 2021

Conference

ConferenceInternational 2021 IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
LocationVirtual conference
Period20/06/202125/06/2021

Keywords

  • Albedo
  • Spectrum
  • Bifacial
  • Photovoltaic
  • Tracker

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