The present work comprises a longitudinal study of Schistosoma mansoni infection in occupationally hyper-exposed canal cleaners in the Sudan and the influence of chemotherapy on humoral immune parameters. The study groups included chronically infected canal cleaners (n = 19), newly recruited canal cleaners (n = 17), normally exposed adults (n = 31), school children (n = 46) and Sudanese negative controls (n = 48). Previous studies of the same canal cleaners have demonstrated that chronically infected canal cleaners were more resistant to reinfection than newly recruited canal cleaners. ELISA was used to detect specific IgE and IgG subclasses in response to whole worm antigen (WWH) and soluble egg antigen (SEA) before and 3 months after praziquantel treatment in the groups of canal cleaners and before and 1 year after treatment in normally exposed adults. When intensity of infection was correlated with IgE antibody response, the resistant group of canal cleaners (those who stopped passing ova after treatment) showed a significant positive correlation between intensity of infection and specific IgE to WWH (Spearman's correlation coefficient = 0.49, P <0.05) compared with a highly significant negative correlation in the susceptible group (acquired new infection after treatment, Spearman's correlation coefficient = -0.94, P <0.01). Normally exposed adults and school children had significantly less specific IgE to WWH than canal cleaners, while chronically infected canal cleaners had significantly higher levels of specific IgG 1 to WWH than newly recruited canal cleaners and school children, and significantly higher levels of specific IgG4 to WWH than school children. There was a significant increase in specific IgG1 and IgG4 to WWH, 3 months after treatment, in newly recruited canal cleaners and a significant decrease, 1 year after treatment, in normally exposed adults. None of the groups studied after treatment showed a significant change in their specific IgE to WWH. Normally exposed adults had significantly lower levels of specific IgE to SEA than newly recruited canal cleaners, and significantly lower levels of specific IgG1 to SEA than other infected groups. Both newly recruited canal cleaners and school children had significantly higher levels of specific IgG2 to SEA than persons in other groups. Only small differences between groups were observed with regard to specific IgG3 and IgM to SEA. Specific IgG4 to WWH and SEA showed different patterns after treatment between the resistant and susceptible groups of canal cleaners. The resistant group maintained the same level of IgG4 to WWH after treatment compared with a significant increase in the susceptible group. On the other hand, levels of specific IgG4 to SEA showed a highly significant decrease after treatment in the resistant group. In contrast, the same antibody subclass increased after treatment in the susceptible group. Generally, results show an association between IgE and IgG1 responses to WWH and resistance to reinfection. In contrast, an association was observed between IgG2 and IgM responses to SEA and susceptibility to reinfection.
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
- canal cleaners