Speciation of Radiocesium and Radioiodine in Aerosols from Tsukuba after the Fukushima Nuclear Accident

Sheng Xu, Luyuan Zhang, Stewart P. H. T. Freeman, Xiaolin Hou, Yasuyuki Shibata, David Sanderson, Alan Cresswell, Taeko Doi, Atsushi Tanaka

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Aerosol samples were collected from Tsukuba, Japan, soon after the 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident and analyzed for speciation of radiocesium and radioiodine to explore their chemical behavior and isotopic ratios after the release. Most Cs-134 and Cs-137 were bound in organic matter (53-91%) and some in water-soluble fractions (5-15%), whereas a negligible proportion of radiocesium remained in minerals. This pattern suggests that sulfate salts and organic matter may be the main carrier of Cs-bearing particles. The 129I in aerosol samples is contained in various proportions as soluble inorganic iodine (I- and IO3-), soluble organic iodine, and unextractable iodine. The measured mean I-129/I-131 atomic ratio of 16.0 +/- 2.2 is in good agreement with that measured from rainwater and consistent with ratios measured in surface soil samples. Together with other aerosols and seawater samples, an initial I-129/Cs-137 activity ratio of similar to 4 x 107 was obtained. In contrast to the effectively constant 134Cs/137Cs activity ratios (1.04 +/- 0.04) and I-129/I-131 atomic ratios (16.0 +/- 2.2), the I-129/Cs-137 activity ratios scattered from 3.5 x 10(-7) to 5 x 10(-6) and showed temporally and spatially different dispersion and deposition patterns between radiocesium and radioiodine. These findings confirm that I-129, instead of Cs-137, should be considered as a proxy for I-131 reconstruction.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology (Washington)
    Volume49
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)1017-1024
    Number of pages8
    ISSN0013-936X
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • Tsukuba Japan, Asia Palearctic region
    • Fukushima nuclear accident
    • organic matter
    • Primates Mammalia Vertebrata Chordata Animalia (Animals, Chordates, Humans, Mammals, Primates, Vertebrates) - Hominidae [86215] human common
    • aerosols
    • cesium-134 13967-70-9 toxin, soil pollutant, pollutant, air pollutant
    • cesium-137 10045-97-3 toxin, soil pollutant, pollutant, air pollutant
    • iodine-129 15046-84-1 toxin, soil pollutant, pollutant, air pollutant
    • iodine-131 10043-66-0 toxin, soil pollutant, pollutant, air pollutant
    • soluble inorganic iodine
    • soluble organic iodine
    • sulfate salt
    • 06502, Radiation biology - General
    • 10069, Biochemistry studies - Minerals
    • 22501, Toxicology - General and methods
    • 22506, Toxicology - Environment and industry
    • 37015, Public health - Air, water and soil pollution
    • Pollution Assessment Control and Management
    • Radiation Biology
    • Toxicology
    • ENGINEERING,
    • ENVIRONMENTAL
    • CHERNOBYL REACTOR ACCIDENT
    • IODINE SPECIATION
    • I-131 DEPOSITION
    • ISOTOPIC RATIO
    • POWER-PLANTS
    • I-129
    • RADIONUCLIDES
    • SOIL
    • FALLOUT
    • SAMPLES

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