Speciation of dimethylarsinyl-riboside derivatives (arsenosugars) in marine reference materials by HPLC-ICP-MS

Erik Huusfeldt Larsen

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Anion and cation exchange HPLC-ICP-MS was used to separate and detect mixtures of four dimethylarsinyl-riboside derivatives (arsenosugars), in the presence of eight other arsenic species naturally occurring in the marine environment. The separations achieved showed that two arsenosugars 11 and 13 (cf. Table 2) were present in shellfish certified reference materials (CRMs) and in a lobster hepatopancreas CRM. The concentration of the two arsenosugars in the shellfish samples amounts to 18% of the total arsenic as compared to arsenobetaine at 9–13% and dimethylarsinate at 4–9% of the total arsenic. Additionally, a chromatographic peak with the same retention time as that of 2-dimethylarsinylacetic acid was detected in the shellfish samples. Further support of the identity of this peak was gained after spiking the sample extracts with the standard substance which resulted in a single, but larger peak. The indication that this novel arsenical is present in shellfish, and the recently reported finding of arsenocholine in seafood supports a proposed marine biosynthetic pathway of arsenic that includes both of these compounds as the immediate precursors of arsenobetaine, the end-product of the marine arsenic metabolism.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)582-588
Publication statusPublished - 1995


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