Speciation Analysis of Radionuclides in the Environment - NSK-B SPECIATION project report 2009

Xiaolin Hou, Ala Aldahan, Göran Possnert, Galina Lujaniene, Jukka Lehto, Lindis Skipperud, Ole Christian Lind, Brit Salbu

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    Abstract

    The second stage of the NKS-B project SPECIATION was complemented in 2008-2009, which mainly focus on three aspects: (1) Further improvement and development of methods for speciation analysis of radionuclides; (2) Investigation of speciation of some radionuclides in the environment (water, sediments, particles); and (3) Intercomparison excise for speciation analysis of radionu-clides in soil and sediment. This report summarizes the work completed in the project partners’ laboratories, Method developments include: Development of an rapid and in-suit separation method for the speciation analysis of 129I in seawater samples; Development of a simple method for the speciation analysis of 129I in fresh water and seawater samples; Development of an on-line HPLC-ICP-MS method for the direct speciation analysis of 127I in water and leachate samples; Speciation of radionuclides in water includes: Speciation of 129I and 127I in time-series precipitation samples collected in Denmark 2001-2006 and its application for the investigation of geochemistry and at-mospheric chemistry of iodine, Speciation of radionuclides in Ob and Yenisey Rivers, and Speci-ation of 129I and 127I in Lake Heimdalen water. Speciation of radionuclides in soils and sediments includes: Sequential extraction of radionuclides in sediments and of trace elements in soil samples. Sequential extraction of radionuclides in aerosols and particles has also been performed. Further-more, sorption experiments have been performed to investigate the association of Pu, Am and Cs with different geological materials. The intercomparison exercises included sequential extraction of Pu, 137Cs, U, Th, and 129I in one soil and one sediment standard reference materials (NIST-4354, IAEA-375) and Pu in sediment collected from the Lake Heimdalen, Norway.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationRoskilde
    PublisherNordic Nuclear Safety Research
    Number of pages58
    ISBN (Print)978-87-7893-274-7
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    SeriesNKS-205

    Keywords

    • Speciation
    • Radionuclides
    • Radioecology
    • Radioanalytical chemistry
    • Iodine-129
    • Plutonium
    • Fractionation
    • Intercomparison
    • Water
    • Sediment
    • Soil
    • Aerosol
    • Precipitation

    Cite this

    Hou, X., Aldahan, A., Possnert, G., Lujaniene, G., Lehto, J., Skipperud, L., Lind, O. C., & Salbu, B. (2009). Speciation Analysis of Radionuclides in the Environment - NSK-B SPECIATION project report 2009. Nordic Nuclear Safety Research. NKS-205