SPEAR - Strategic Penetration and Adoption of Renewables: Final Report: Main Report June 1996

Mike Bess (Editor), Niels I Meyer, Anna Karin Maria Levin-Jensen, Philippe Bollinger, Adriaan Perrells, Juliet Davenport, Ian McChesney, Wolfgang Bräuer, Stefan Vögele, Robert Gibson

    Research output: Book/ReportReportResearchpeer-review


    The SPEAR Project has developed a methodology for regional integration of renewable energy. SPEAR partners in Germany, Portugal, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Ireland and Denmark have worked with a varity of local counterparts, ranging from municipalities to regional development bodies, from utilites to county councils to set out integrated renewable energy plans addressing local needs and concerns. The SPEAR Project has provided a synthesis of options and methodologies available at local levels within a number of different European political, administrative, economic and technical context.Each partner has used the Strategic Assessment Framework for the Implementation of Rational Energy (SAFIRE) cost-benefit model with local counterparts in their areas to develop integrated renewable energy plans to the year 2020. These plans have formed a framework for integrated planning at local and regional levels for policy makers, planners, energy specialists, and other local authorities
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 1996

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