The article presents a study investigating the level of variation in sea state parameters encountered by sailing ships crossing the oceans. The sea state parameters have been obtained from a reanalysis, in this case the ERA5. The study is based on the use of different interpolation schemes to compute parameters in geographical positions off the fixed grid. It is shown that the variation in sea state parameters can be significant. Consequently, in case of sailing ships, covering relatively long distances in a short time (30-60 minutes), it is recommended to rely on bilinear interpolation rather than nearest neighbour. The variation in the sea state parameters is, in fact, at a level which means that the normal assumption of a stationary seaway in periods up to 3 hours likely is violated for ships sailing the typical service speed (15 – 20+ knots).
- Sea state parameter variation
- Spatial interpolation
- Ship operations