Spatial distribution of yield accelerations and permanent displacements: A diagnostic tool for assessing seismic slope stability

Nicolas Mathews, Ben A. Leshchinsky*, Michael J. Olsen, Assaf-Avraham Klar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Seismically-induced permanent displacements of slopes are commonly evaluated using the Newmark sliding block approach. The conventional Newmark approach, while convenient in application, is often applied to a singular potential failure mechanism, omits consideration of the spatial distribution of potential failure mechanisms, neglects complex yet realistic failure geometry, and does not consider the temporal evolution of the critical mechanism. The proposed diagnostic tool applies the Newmark approach within a rigorous limit equilibrium framework to produce spatial distributions of yield accelerations and seismically-induced permanent displacements, or yield maps and surface-associated displacement maps, respectively. In this study, the application and utility of these diagnostic tools are demonstrated through a sensitivity analysis considering various soil strength parameters, horizontal and vertical motions, and complex slope and failure geometries. Additionally, it is shown that the proposed diagnostic tool reasonably estimates post-seismic geometry, shown by a comparison to an experimental shake table study. Using yield and displacement maps, both coseismic displacement and the range of potentially unstable geometry may be constrained. Moreover, the spatial and temporal evolution of possible seismically-induced displacements may be considered. This tool provides a rational means of applying sliding block approaches that reduces the need to assume the surface of maximum displacement a priori while retaining the simplicity that has facilitated the application of the sliding block approach versus more complex numerical models. The proposed diagnostic tools also provide a framework for future potential analyses, as it can be modified to incorporate other slope stability methods or seismic analyses.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105811
JournalSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Slope stability
  • Landslides
  • Sliding block
  • Generalized limit equilibrium
  • Displacement map
  • Yield map
  • Safety map

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