Sparse arrays are special geometrical arrangements of sensors which overcome some of the drawbacks associated with dense uniform arrays and require fewer sensors. For direction finding applications, sparse arrays with the same number of sensors can resolve more sources while providing higher resolution than a dense uniform array. This has been verified numerically and with real data for one-dimensional microphone arrays. In this study the use of nested and co-prime arrays is examined with sparse Bayesian learning (SBL), which is a compressive sensing algorithm, for estimating sparse vectors and support. SBL is an iterative parameter estimation method and can process multiple snapshots as well as multiple frequency data within its Bayesian framework. A multi-frequency variant of SBL is proposed, which accounts for non-flat frequency spectra of the sources. Experimental validation of azimuth and elevation [two-dimensional (2D)] direction-of-arrival (DOA)estimation are provided using sparse arrays and real data acquired in an anechoic chamber with a rectangular array. Both co-prime and nested arrays are obtained by sampling this rectangular array. The SBL method is compared with conventional beamforming and multiple signal classification for 2D DOA estimation of experimental data.
|Journal||Journal of the Acoustical Society of America|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Office of Naval Research, Grant No. N00014-18-1-2118 (P. G.) and Department of Science and Technology INSPIRE Faculty Award, IFA-17-ENG-236 (S. N.).
© 2021 Acoustical Society of America.