Sound-field reconstruction performance of a mixed-order Ambisonics microphone array

Marton Marschall, Jiho Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Recently, there has been increasing interest in using spherical microphone arrays for spatial audio recordings. Accurate recordings are important for a range of applications, from virtual sound environments for hearing research through to the evaluation of communication devices, such as hearing instruments and mobile phones. Previously, a mixed-order Ambisonics (MOA) approach was proposed to improve the horizontal spatial resolution of spherical arrays. This was achieved by increasing the number of microphones near the horizontal plane while keeping the total number of transducers fixed. The approach is motivated by the fact that human spatial hearing is most acute in the horizontal plane. This study presents simulations of the performance of an MOA rigid-sphere microphone array, and its robustness to variations in microphone characteristics. Specifications of a commercially available microphone were used to simulate self-noise, sensitivity, and phase
response variations between the microphones. To quantify the reconstruction error and the "sweet area" as a function of source elevation, the reconstructed sound field based on a simulated array measurement was compared to the reference sound field for both horizontal and elevated sources. It is expected that the MOA approach results in a larger sweet area for mid to high frequencies for horizontal sources.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMeetings on Acoustics. Proceedings
Volume19
Number of pages9
ISSN1939-800X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event21st International Congress on Acoustics - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 2 Jun 20137 Jun 2013
Conference number: 21
http://www.ica2013montreal.org/

Conference

Conference21st International Congress on Acoustics
Number21
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period02/06/201307/06/2013
Internet address

Cite this

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title = "Sound-field reconstruction performance of a mixed-order Ambisonics microphone array",
abstract = "Recently, there has been increasing interest in using spherical microphone arrays for spatial audio recordings. Accurate recordings are important for a range of applications, from virtual sound environments for hearing research through to the evaluation of communication devices, such as hearing instruments and mobile phones. Previously, a mixed-order Ambisonics (MOA) approach was proposed to improve the horizontal spatial resolution of spherical arrays. This was achieved by increasing the number of microphones near the horizontal plane while keeping the total number of transducers fixed. The approach is motivated by the fact that human spatial hearing is most acute in the horizontal plane. This study presents simulations of the performance of an MOA rigid-sphere microphone array, and its robustness to variations in microphone characteristics. Specifications of a commercially available microphone were used to simulate self-noise, sensitivity, and phaseresponse variations between the microphones. To quantify the reconstruction error and the {"}sweet area{"} as a function of source elevation, the reconstructed sound field based on a simulated array measurement was compared to the reference sound field for both horizontal and elevated sources. It is expected that the MOA approach results in a larger sweet area for mid to high frequencies for horizontal sources.",
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Sound-field reconstruction performance of a mixed-order Ambisonics microphone array. / Marschall, Marton; Chang, Jiho.

In: Meetings on Acoustics. Proceedings, Vol. 19, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Chang, Jiho

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AB - Recently, there has been increasing interest in using spherical microphone arrays for spatial audio recordings. Accurate recordings are important for a range of applications, from virtual sound environments for hearing research through to the evaluation of communication devices, such as hearing instruments and mobile phones. Previously, a mixed-order Ambisonics (MOA) approach was proposed to improve the horizontal spatial resolution of spherical arrays. This was achieved by increasing the number of microphones near the horizontal plane while keeping the total number of transducers fixed. The approach is motivated by the fact that human spatial hearing is most acute in the horizontal plane. This study presents simulations of the performance of an MOA rigid-sphere microphone array, and its robustness to variations in microphone characteristics. Specifications of a commercially available microphone were used to simulate self-noise, sensitivity, and phaseresponse variations between the microphones. To quantify the reconstruction error and the "sweet area" as a function of source elevation, the reconstructed sound field based on a simulated array measurement was compared to the reference sound field for both horizontal and elevated sources. It is expected that the MOA approach results in a larger sweet area for mid to high frequencies for horizontal sources.

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