SO2 Oxidation Across Marine V2O5-WO3-TiO2 SCR Catalysts: a Study at Elevated Pressure for Preturbine SCR Configuration

Steen R. Christensen, Brian B. Hansen, Keld Johansen, Kim H. Pedersen, Joakim R. Thøgersen, Anker Degn Jensen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The undesired oxidation of SO2 was studied experimentally at elevated pressures of up to 4.5 bar across two commercial vanadium-based (1.2 and 3 wt% V2O5) selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalysts. This pressure range is of interest for preturbine SCR reactor configuration for NOx reduction on ships. The residence time in the catalyst was kept constant, independent on pressure, by adjusting the total flow rate. The conversion of SO2 was of the order 0.2–3% at temperatures of 300–400 °C and was independent of the pressure. Based on the measured conversion of SO2, the kinetics were fitted using an nth order rate expression. The reaction order of SO2 was found close to 1, and the reaction order of SO3 was found close to 0, also at increased pressures of up to 4.5 bar. The rate of SO2 oxidation was clearly promoted by the presence of 1000 ppm NOx at elevated pressure; however, at atmospheric pressure, the effect was within experimental uncertainty. The promoting effect is explained by a catalyzed redox reaction between SO2 and NO2, and since more NO2 is formed at elevated pressure, a higher degree of promotion by NOx is observed at elevated pressures.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEmission Control Science and Technology
Volume4
Pages (from-to)289–299
ISSN2199-3629
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Pressurized SO2 oxidation
  • Preturbo SCR configuration
  • SCR of NOx on ships
  • SO2 oxidation
  • SO3 formation

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