Sorptive Physiologically Based Extraction of Contaminated Solid Matrices: Incorporating Silicone Rod As Absorption Sink for Hydrophobic Organic Contaminants

Varvara Gouliarmou, Chris D. Collins, Ellen Christiansen, Philipp Mayer

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The oral bioaccessibility of soil contaminants is increasingly assessed with physiologically based extraction tests (PBETs): the contaminant fraction that is desorbed into simulated digestive fluids is measured and classified as bioaccessible. However, this approach can lead to underestimations if the capacity of the fluids is insufficient to provide infinite sink conditions. Desorption will then progressively decrease and finally stop when equilibrium between soil and medium is reached. To circumvent this artifact, we incorporated a silicone rod as an absorption sink into the PBET to continuously absorb mobilized contaminants and maintain the desorption gradient. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons served as model contaminants and the colon extended PBET as the extraction model. The inclusion of the silicone rod sink (1) increased the extraction capacity of the test by orders of magnitude, (2) ensured near infinite sink conditions, and (3) allowed for simple back-extraction of PAHs for their quantification by GC-MS. The silicone rod provided fast enrichment when applied to the stomach and small intestine compartment, but was somewhat slower in the richer colon compartment. Finally, the sorptive-PBET was applied to wood soot and a kindergarten soil. The present article provides the basis for how an absorption sink can be integrated into PBET models.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Volume47
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)941-948
ISSN0013-936X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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