Solution of transient problems with steep gradients: novel front-tracking strategy

Søren Kiil, Suresh K. Bhatia, Kim Dam-Johansen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


A finite element collocation method is formulated for heat and mass transfer problems involving a steep moving profile of the dependant variable. An efficient, parametrically convergent front-tracking procedure is developed based on a balance on a moving front, and the technique is applied and tested for the case of a gas-solid noncatalytic reaction in a porous solid at high Thiele modulus. Accurate and convergent steep profiles are obtained here for Thiele modulus larger than 50 for the case of slab as well as spherical geometry and found to match the analytical solution when it exists (such as for slab geometry).
Original languageEnglish
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Issue number17
Pages (from-to)2793-2799
Publication statusPublished - 1995


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