Soliton dynamics in the multiphoton plasma regime

Chad A Husko, Sylvain Combrié, Pierre Colman, Jiangjun Zheng, Alfredo De Rossi, Chee Wei Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Solitary waves have consistently captured the imagination of scientists, ranging from fundamental breakthroughs in spectroscopy and metrology enabled by supercontinuum light, to gap solitons for dispersionless slow-light, and discrete spatial solitons in lattices, amongst others. Recent progress in strong-field atomic physics include impressive demonstrations of attosecond pulses and high-harmonic generation via photoionization of free-electrons in gases at extreme intensities of 10(14) W/cm(2). Here we report the first phase-resolved observations of femtosecond optical solitons in a semiconductor microchip, with multiphoton ionization at picojoule energies and 10(10) W/cm(2) intensities. The dramatic nonlinearity leads to picojoule observations of free-electron-induced blue-shift at 10(16) cm(-3) carrier densities and self-chirped femtosecond soliton acceleration. Furthermore, we evidence the time-gated dynamics of soliton splitting on-chip, and the suppression of soliton recurrence due to fast free-electron dynamics. These observations in the highly dispersive slow-light media reveal a rich set of physics governing ultralow-power nonlinear photon-plasma dynamics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1100
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


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