Solar/electric heating systems for the future energy system

Simon Furbo, Mark Dannemand, Bengt Perers, Elsa Andersen, Jianhua Fan, Peder Bacher, Henrik Madsen, Rasmus Halvgaard, Henrik Aalborg Nielsen, Kristian Pagh Nielsen, Sisse Camilla Lundholm , Bent Hansen Sass, Thomas Engberg Pedersen, Jakob Nymann Rud, Kristian Harley Hansen

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Abstract

The project “Solar/electric heating systems in the future energy system” was carried out in the period 2008‐2013. The project partners were DTU Byg, DTU Informatics (now DTU Compute), DMI, ENFOR A/S and COWI A/S. The companies Ajva ApS, Ohmatex ApS and Innogie ApS worked together with the project partners in two connected projects in order to develop solar/electric heating systems for laboratory tests. The project was financed by the Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation under the Danish Council for Strategic Research in the program Sustainable Energy and Environment. The DSF number of the project is 2104‐07‐0021/09‐063201/DSF. This report is the final report of the project.
The aim of the project is to elucidate how individual heating units for single family houses are best designed in order to fit into the future energy system. The units are based on solar energy, electrical heating elements/heat pump, advanced heat storage tanks and advanced control systems.
Heat is produced by solar collectors in sunny periods and by electrical heating elements/heat pump. The electrical heating elements/heat pump will be in operation in periods where the heat demand cannot be covered by solar energy. The aim is to use the auxiliary heating units when the electricity price is low, e.g.
due to large electricity production by wind turbines.
The unit is equipped with an advanced control system where the control of the auxiliary heating is based on forecasts of the electricity price, the heat demand and the solar energy production. Consequently, the control is based on weather forecasts.
Three differently designed heating units are tested in a laboratory test facility. The systems are compared
on the basis of:
- energy consumption for the auxiliary heating
- energy cost for the auxiliary heating
- net utilized solar energy
Original languageEnglish
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark, Department of Civil Engineering
Number of pages617
ISBN (Print)9788778773739
Publication statusPublished - 2013
SeriesDTU Civil Engineering Reports
NumberR-288

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