SN 2017gci: a nearby Type I Superluminous Supernova with a bumpy tail

A. Fiore*, T.-W. Chen, A. Jerkstrand, S. Benetti, R. Ciolfi, C. Inserra, E. Cappellaro, A Pastorello, G. Leloudas, S. Schulze, M. Berton, J. Burke, C. McCully, W. Fong, L. Galbany, M. Gromadzki, C. P. Gutiérrez, D. Hiramatsu, G. Hosseinzadeh, D. A. HowellE. Kankare, R. Lunnan, T. E. Müller-Bravo, D. O’ Neill, M. Nicholl, A. Rau, J. Sollerman, G. Terreran, S. Valenti, D. R. Young

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We present and discuss the optical spectrophotometric observations of the nearby (z = 0.087) Type I superluminous supernova (SLSN I) SN 2017gci, whose peak K-corrected absolute magnitude reaches Mg = −21.5 mag. Its photometric and spectroscopic evolution includes features of both slow- and of fast-evolving SLSN I, thus favoring a continuum distribution between the two SLSN-I subclasses. In particular, similarly to other SLSNe I, the multiband light curves (LCs) of SN 2017gci show two re-brightenings at about 103 and 142 d after the maximum light. Interestingly, this broadly agrees with a broad emission feature emerging around 6520 Å after ∼51 d from the maximum light, which is followed by a sharp knee in the LC. If we interpret this feature as Hα, this could support the fact that the bumps are the signature of late interactions of the ejecta with a (hydrogen-rich) circumstellar material. Then we fitted magnetar- and CSM-interaction-powered synthetic LCs on to the bolometric one of SN 2017gci. In the magnetar case, the fit suggests a polar magnetic field Bp ≃ 6 × 1014 G, an initial period of the magnetar Pinitial ≃ 2.8 ms, an ejecta mass Mejecta≃9M⊙ and an ejecta opacity κ≃0.08cm2g−1⁠. A CSM-interaction scenario would imply a CSM mass ≃5M⊙ and an ejecta mass ≃12M⊙⁠. Finally, the nebular spectrum of phase  + 187 d was modeled, deriving a mass of ∼10M⊙ for the ejecta. Our models suggest that either a magnetar or CSM interaction might be the power sources for SN 2017gci and that its progenitor was a massive (⁠40M⊙⁠) star.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume502
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)2120–2139
ISSN0035-8711
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Transients: supernovae
  • Supernova: general
  • Supernovae: individual: SN 2017gci

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