Smart Grid Communication Comparison: Distributed Control Middleware and Serialization Comparison for the Internet of Things

Bo Søborg Petersen, Henrik W. Bindner, Bjarne Poulsen, Shi You

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Abstract

To solve the problems caused by intermittent renewable energy production, communication between Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) and system operators is necessary. The communication middleware and serialization used for communication are essential to ensure delivery of the messages within the required timeframe, to provide the necessary ancillary services to the power grid. This paper shows that there are better alternatives to using Web Services and XMPP as middleware and that there are better alternatives than using XML for serialization. The paper also gives guidance at choosing the best communication middleware and serialization format/library, aided by the authors' earlier work, which investigates the performance and characteristics of communication middleware and serialization independently. Given the performance criteria of the paper, ZeroMQ, YAMI4, and ICE are the middleware that performs the best, and ProtoBuf (ProtoStuff), and ProtoStuff are the serialization that performs the best.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 7th IEEE International Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies
Number of pages6
PublisherIEEE
Publication date2017
Pages1-6
ISBN (Print)9781538619537
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event7th IEEE International Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, Torino, Italy
Duration: 26 Sep 201729 Sep 2017

Conference

Conference7th IEEE International Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies
LocationCorso Duca degli Abruzzi
CountryItaly
CityTorino
Period26/09/201729/09/2017

Keywords

  • Throughput
  • Smart grids
  • Publish-subscribe
  • Web services
  • XML
  • Ice
  • Smart Grid
  • Internet of Things
  • Communication Middleware
  • Serialization
  • Performance Comparison

Cite this

Petersen, B. S., Bindner, H. W., Poulsen, B., & You, S. (2017). Smart Grid Communication Comparison: Distributed Control Middleware and Serialization Comparison for the Internet of Things . In Proceedings of 7th IEEE International Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (pp. 1-6). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISGTEurope.2017.8260268