Smart Grid Communication Comparison: Distributed Control Middleware and Serialization Comparison for the Internet of Things

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedings – Annual report year: 2017Researchpeer-review



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To solve the problems caused by intermittent renewable energy production, communication between Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) and system operators is necessary. The communication middleware and serialization used for communication are essential to ensure delivery of the messages within the required timeframe, to provide the necessary ancillary services to the power grid. This paper shows that there are better alternatives to using Web Services and XMPP as middleware and that there are better alternatives than using XML for serialization. The paper also gives guidance at choosing the best communication middleware and serialization format/library, aided by the authors' earlier work, which investigates the performance and characteristics of communication middleware and serialization independently. Given the performance criteria of the paper, ZeroMQ, YAMI4, and ICE are the middleware that performs the best, and ProtoBuf (ProtoStuff), and ProtoStuff are the serialization that performs the best.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 7th IEEE International Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies
Number of pages6
Publication date2017
ISBN (Print)9781538619537
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event7th IEEE International Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, Torino, Italy
Duration: 26 Sep 201729 Sep 2017


Conference7th IEEE International Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies
LocationCorso Duca degli Abruzzi
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Throughput, Smart grids, Publish-subscribe, Web services, XML, Ice, Smart Grid, Internet of Things, Communication Middleware, Serialization, Performance Comparison

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