Simulation of three-dimensional nonlinear water waves using a pseudospectral volumetric method with an artificial boundary condition

Mathias Klahn*, Per A. Madsen, David R. Fuhrman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Abstract

Abstract This paper presents a pseudospectral method for the simulation of nonlinear water waves described by potential flow theory in three spatial dimensions. The method utilizes an artificial boundary condition that limits the vertical extent of the fluid domain, and it is found that the reduction in domain size offered by the boundary condition enables the solution of the Laplace problem with roughly half the degrees of freedom compared to another spectral method in the literature for (wave number times water depth) kh ≥ 2π. Moreover, it is found that the location of the artificial boundary condition can be chosen once and for all at the beginning of simulations such that the size of the fluid domain is reduced substantially, even when the lowest point of the free surface elevation varies significantly with time. The method is tested by simulating steady nonlinear wave trains, the development of crescent waves from a steady nonlinear wave train, a nonlinear focusing event and a Gaussian hump which is initially at rest. It is shown that in all but the most nonlinear cases the method is capable of obtaining accurate results. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
ISSN0271-2091
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Nonlinear water waves
  • Spectral methods
  • Potential ow
  • Arti_cial boundary condition
  • Accuracy
  • Stability

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