Simulation of surf zone kinematics over a breaker bar using a stabilized RANS model

B. E. Larsen*, D. A. van der A, J. van der Zanden, G. Ruessink, D. R. Fuhrman

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    Introduction Accurately predicting cross-shore sediment transport remains a challenging task as it comprises many physical processes, which are often comparable in magnitude, but vary in terms of sign. Numerical wave tanks using Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) turbulence models can potentially resolve many of these processes, and may be used as powerful tools to study the detailed sediment transport processes, which are often difficult to measure in the laboratory and field. In past studies using RANS models to simulate waves, there has been a tendency to overestimate turbulence, however. This problem was solved by Larsen and Fuhrman (2018), where significant improvements in predicted turbulence levels and undertow profiles for a simulated model scale experiment were demonstrated. In this work, the new model will be used to simulate a large-scale experiment with a special focus on hydrodynamic processes relevant for cross-shore sediment transport, such as wave boundary layer flow, undertow and turbulence. Methods and Results A recent experimental campaign conducted in a 100 m long wave flume involving bichromatic waves breaking over a fixed bar (van der Zanden et al., 2019) will be simulated using the OpenFOAM solver waves2FOAM (Jacobsen et al. 2012), combined with the model by Larsen and Fuhrman (2018). Figure 1 shows a comparison between the experimental and modelled undertow. The model importantly captures the transition in the vertical undertow structure going through the outer surf zone (54 m< x < 60 m), where the undertow goes from having largest negative velocities far from the bed to having largest negative velocities near the bed. This could not be achieved using a standard RANS model. The model results will be compared in detail with experimental results for water surface elevations, velocities and turbulence, and implications for cross-shore sediment transport will be discussed (to be presented).
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2019
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    EventNCK days 2019 - Enkhuizen, Netherlands
    Duration: 20 Mar 201922 Mar 2019

    Conference

    ConferenceNCK days 2019
    Country/TerritoryNetherlands
    CityEnkhuizen
    Period20/03/201922/03/2019

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