Simulation of Operators' Response in Emergencies

Jens Rasmussen

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    Abstract

    For the simulation of the accidental course of events in industrial process plants, a model is needed of operators' response to the cues presented by the system. A model is proposed, based on the simplifications which can be made when restricting attention to the operator functions having significants for a probabilistic risk analysis, and to only skill and rule based performance, i.e., to responses in the early phase of an accident. The model is based on Brunswik's lens model, a model of the normal task repertoire, and on a taxonomy of human errors. To bring the model in perspective, a review of the state of the art of cognitive models of human behaviour is included.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationRoskilde
    PublisherRisø National Laboratory
    Number of pages98
    ISBN (Print)87-550-1279-5
    Publication statusPublished - 1986
    SeriesRisø-M
    Number2616
    ISSN0418-6435

    Keywords

    • Risø-M-2616
    • Accidents
    • Computerized simulation
    • Control rooms
    • Errors
    • Man-machine systems
    • Reactor operators
    • Reliability
    • Risk assessment
    • Taxonomy

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