Simulation of bluff-body flows using iterative penalization in a multiresolution particle-mesh vortex method

Henrik Juul Spietz, Mads Mølholm Hejlesen, Jens Honore Walther

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Abstract

The ability to predict aerodynamic forces, due to the interaction of a fluid flow with a solid body, is central in many fields of engineering and is necessary to identify error-prone structural designs. In bluff-body flows the aerodynamic forces oscillate due to vortex shedding and variations in the oncoming flow. This may lead to structural instability e.g. when the shedding frequency aligns with the natural frequency of the structure. Fluid structure interaction must especially be considered when designing long span bridges. A three dimensional vortex-in-cell method is applied for the direct numerical simulation of the flow past a bodies of arbitrary shape. Vortex methods use a simple formulation where only the trajectories of discrete vortex particles are simulated. The
Lagrangian formulation eliminates the CFL type condition that Eulerian methods
have to satisfy. This allows vortex methods to take significantly larger time steps in
convection dominated flows with explicit time integration.
As vorticity is a bounded quantity and the velocity field can be calculated for freespace-
or periodic boundary conditions, these method allows for a minimized domain
and hence minimize computational efforts.
Pure particle-vortex methods have the disadvantage of being highly costly. The
calculation of particle velocities in particle vortex methods has traditionally been done
by directly applying the Biot-Savart law yielding an N2
-body problem. However the
Poisson equation, that relates the vorticity- to the velocity field, can be solved effi-
ciently using a mesh-based solver with local refinement in the boundary layer regions.
We present a higher-order particle-mesh vortex method, where particle velocities
are calculated by solving the Poisson equation on several uniform meshes using Fast
Fourier Transforms. This we combine with an iterative penalization method, that
allows the simulation of external flows past arbitrary geometries in arbitrary motions
such as bridge decks in forced heave and pitch motion
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2016
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventECCOMAS Congress 2016: VII European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering - Creta Maris Conference Center, Hersonissos, Greece
Duration: 5 Jun 201610 Jun 2016
https://www.eccomas2016.org/

Conference

ConferenceECCOMAS Congress 2016
LocationCreta Maris Conference Center
Country/TerritoryGreece
CityHersonissos
Period05/06/201610/06/2016
Internet address

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