Simulation of a SOFC/Battery powered vehicle

Yannick Bessékon, Philipp Zielke, Anders Christian Wulff, Anke Hagen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have received attention in the transport sector for use as auxiliary power units or range extenders, due to the high electrical efficiency and fuelling options using existing fuel infra structure. The present work proposes an SOFC/battery powered vehicle using compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG) or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as fuels. A model was developed integrating an SOFC into a modified Nissan Leaf Acenta electrical vehicle and considering standardized driving cycles. A 30 L fuel tank and 12 kW SOFC module was simulated, including a partial oxidation fuel reformer. The results show a significant increase of the driving range when combining the battery vehicle with an SOFC. Ranges of 264 km, 705 km and 823 km using respectively CNG, LNG and LPG compared to 170 km performed by the original vehicle were calculated. Furthermore, a thorough sensitivity analysis was carried out.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume44
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1905-1918
ISSN0360-3199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • SOFC
  • Fuel cell
  • BEV
  • Hydrocarbon fuel
  • Driving range

Cite this

Bessékon, Yannick ; Zielke, Philipp ; Wulff, Anders Christian ; Hagen, Anke. / Simulation of a SOFC/Battery powered vehicle. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2019 ; Vol. 44, No. 3. pp. 1905-1918.
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title = "Simulation of a SOFC/Battery powered vehicle",
abstract = "Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have received attention in the transport sector for use as auxiliary power units or range extenders, due to the high electrical efficiency and fuelling options using existing fuel infra structure. The present work proposes an SOFC/battery powered vehicle using compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG) or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as fuels. A model was developed integrating an SOFC into a modified Nissan Leaf Acenta electrical vehicle and considering standardized driving cycles. A 30 L fuel tank and 12 kW SOFC module was simulated, including a partial oxidation fuel reformer. The results show a significant increase of the driving range when combining the battery vehicle with an SOFC. Ranges of 264 km, 705 km and 823 km using respectively CNG, LNG and LPG compared to 170 km performed by the original vehicle were calculated. Furthermore, a thorough sensitivity analysis was carried out.",
keywords = "SOFC, Fuel cell, BEV, Hydrocarbon fuel, Driving range",
author = "Yannick Bess{\'e}kon and Philipp Zielke and Wulff, {Anders Christian} and Anke Hagen",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.11.126",
language = "English",
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Simulation of a SOFC/Battery powered vehicle. / Bessékon, Yannick; Zielke, Philipp; Wulff, Anders Christian; Hagen, Anke.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 44, No. 3, 2019, p. 1905-1918.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Simulation of a SOFC/Battery powered vehicle

AU - Bessékon, Yannick

AU - Zielke, Philipp

AU - Wulff, Anders Christian

AU - Hagen, Anke

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have received attention in the transport sector for use as auxiliary power units or range extenders, due to the high electrical efficiency and fuelling options using existing fuel infra structure. The present work proposes an SOFC/battery powered vehicle using compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG) or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as fuels. A model was developed integrating an SOFC into a modified Nissan Leaf Acenta electrical vehicle and considering standardized driving cycles. A 30 L fuel tank and 12 kW SOFC module was simulated, including a partial oxidation fuel reformer. The results show a significant increase of the driving range when combining the battery vehicle with an SOFC. Ranges of 264 km, 705 km and 823 km using respectively CNG, LNG and LPG compared to 170 km performed by the original vehicle were calculated. Furthermore, a thorough sensitivity analysis was carried out.

AB - Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have received attention in the transport sector for use as auxiliary power units or range extenders, due to the high electrical efficiency and fuelling options using existing fuel infra structure. The present work proposes an SOFC/battery powered vehicle using compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG) or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as fuels. A model was developed integrating an SOFC into a modified Nissan Leaf Acenta electrical vehicle and considering standardized driving cycles. A 30 L fuel tank and 12 kW SOFC module was simulated, including a partial oxidation fuel reformer. The results show a significant increase of the driving range when combining the battery vehicle with an SOFC. Ranges of 264 km, 705 km and 823 km using respectively CNG, LNG and LPG compared to 170 km performed by the original vehicle were calculated. Furthermore, a thorough sensitivity analysis was carried out.

KW - SOFC

KW - Fuel cell

KW - BEV

KW - Hydrocarbon fuel

KW - Driving range

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.11.126

DO - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.11.126

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VL - 44

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JO - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

JF - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

SN - 0360-3199

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ER -