Simulation of a SOFC/Battery powered vehicle

Yannick Bessékon, Philipp Zielke, Anders Christian Wulff, Anke Hagen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have received attention in the transport sector for use as auxiliary power units or range extenders, due to the high electrical efficiency and fuelling options using existing fuel infra structure. The present work proposes an SOFC/battery powered vehicle using compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG) or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as fuels. A model was developed integrating an SOFC into a modified Nissan Leaf Acenta electrical vehicle and considering standardized driving cycles. A 30 L fuel tank and 12 kW SOFC module was simulated, including a partial oxidation fuel reformer. The results show a significant increase of the driving range when combining the battery vehicle with an SOFC. Ranges of 264 km, 705 km and 823 km using respectively CNG, LNG and LPG compared to 170 km performed by the original vehicle were calculated. Furthermore, a thorough sensitivity analysis was carried out.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1905-1918
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • SOFC
  • Fuel cell
  • BEV
  • Hydrocarbon fuel
  • Driving range


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