Simulation of a conventionally neutral boundary layer with two-equation URANS

M. Baungaard, M. P. Van Der Laan*, M. Kelly, E. L. Hodgson

*Corresponding author for this work

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Simulating conventionally neutral boundary layers (CNBLs) with the unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) technique is investigated in this paper using a modified two-equation linear eddy viscosity turbulence model. For CNBLs over a flat and uniform surface, as typically used as the inflow to wind farm simulations, the governing equations of URANS can be solved with a one-dimensional solver, which makes the simulation of a typical CNBL five to six orders of magnitude faster than with large-eddy simulation (LES) approaches. However, URANS on the other hand requires more modelling than LES, and its accuracy is heavily dependent on the turbulence model employed. Through a cross-code study of a CNBL case with data from five different LES codes, it is found that the length-scale limiter of the employed turbulence model should be removed to correctly predict the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) height evolution and the qualitative shape of various atmospheric profiles. A parametric study of simulations with varying initial ABL height further demonstrates the prediction capabilities of URANS, although a comparison with LES data shows that modelling of turbulence anisotropy and near-surface turbulence could be improved.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Science of Making Torque from Wind (TORQUE 2024): Modeling and simulation technology
Number of pages10
PublisherIOP Publishing
Publication date2024
Article number052013
Publication statusPublished - 2024
EventThe Science of Making Torque from Wind (TORQUE 2024) - Florence, Italy
Duration: 29 May 202431 May 2024


ConferenceThe Science of Making Torque from Wind (TORQUE 2024)
SeriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series


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