Simulating the DISAMATIC process using the discrete element method — a dynamical study of granular flow

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    The discrete element method (DEM) is applied to simulate the dynamics of the flow of green sand while filling a mould using the DISAMATIC process. The focus is to identify relevant physical experiments that can be used to characterize the material properties of green sand in the numerical model. The DEM parameters describing the static friction coefficients are obtained using a ring shear tester and the rolling resistance and cohesion value is subsequently calibrated with a sand pile experiment. The calibrated DEM model is used to model the sand shot in the DISAMATIC process for three different sand particle flow rates as captured on the corresponding video footage of the interior of the chamber. A mould chamber with three ribs mounted on the fixed pattern plate forming four cavities is chosen as a reference geometry to investigate the conditions found in the real moulding process. The geometry of the cast part and the casting system can make the moulding process complicated due to obstacles such as ribs that deflect the sand flow causing “shadows effects” around the cavities of the mould. These dynamic effects are investigated by the qualitative flow dynamics and quantitative mould filling times captured in the video footage and simulated by the calibrated DEM model. Both two- and three-dimensional DEM models are considered and found to produce results in good agreements with the video footage of the DISAMATIC process.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPowder Technology
    Pages (from-to)228-240
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


    • DISAMATIC process
    • Discrete element method
    • Granular flow
    • Green sand
    • Sand casting


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