Simple descriptors for proton-conducting perovskites from density functional theory

Nicolai Christian Bork, Nikolaos Bonanos, Jan Rossmeisl, Tejs Vegge

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Abstract

series of (pseudo)cubic perovskites, ABO3, have been investigated using density functional theory calculations. The structures have been optimized and thermodynamic properties and activation energies for the relevant steps of the hydrogen/proton diffusion mechanism have been calculated using the nudged elastic band path technique. We find a strong correlation between the O-H binding energy for hydrogen/proton uptake in perovskites and the energy barriers involved in the observed Grotthuss-type diffusion process. We demonstrate the possibility of estimating diffusion rates based on O-H binding energy and temperature only, without determining transition states and vibrational frequencies. We determine the binding energy providing the optimal tradeoff between occupation and diffusion rate at a given temperature, and finally we show how these correlations can be used to suggest candidate materials with improved kinetic properties for potential application as hydrogen permeable membranes and proton-conducting electrolytes. © 2010 The American Physical Society
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review B Condensed Matter
Volume82
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)014103
ISSN0163-1829
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2010 by The American Physical Society

Keywords

  • Batteries and carbon-free energy storage
  • Materials and energy storage

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