Signifier-Based Immersive and Interactive 3D Modeling

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Interactive 3D modeling in VR is both aided by immersive 3D input and hampered by model disjunct, tool-based or selection-action user interfaces. We propose a direct, signifier-based approach to the popular interactive technique of creating 3D models through a sequence of extrusion operations. Motivated by handles and signifiers that communicate the affordances of everyday objects, we define a set of design principles for an immersive, signifier-based modeling interface. We then present an interactive 3D modeling system where all modeling affordances are modelessly reachable and signified on the model itself.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication25th ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology
Number of pages5
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Publication date2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event25th ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology - Western Sydney University - Parramatta City Campus, Sydney , Australia
Duration: 12 Nov 201915 Nov 2019


Conference25th ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology
LocationWestern Sydney University - Parramatta City Campus
Internet address


  • 3D Modeling
  • Signifiers
  • Affordances


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