Significant decrease in yield under future climate conditions: Stability and production of 138 spring barley accessions

Cathrine Heinz Ingvordsen, Gunter Backes, Michael Foged Lyngkjær, Pirjo Peltonen-Sainio, Jens Due Jensen, Marja Jalli, Ahmed Jahoor, Morten Rasmussen, Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen, Anders Stockmarr, Rikke Bagger Jørgensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The response in production parameters to projected future levels of temperature, atmospheric carbondioxide ([CO2]), and ozone ([O3]) was investigated in 138 spring barley accessions. The comprehensive setof landraces, cultivars, and breeder-lines, were during their entire life cycle exposed to a two-factor treat-ment of combined elevated temperature (+5C day/night) and [CO2] (700 ppm), as well as single-factortreatments of elevated temperature (+5C day/night), [CO2] (700 ppm), and [O3] (100–150 ppb). Thecontrol treatment was equivalent to present average South Scandinavian climate (temperature: 19/12C(day/night), [CO2]: 385 ppm). Overall grain yield was found to decrease 29% in the two-factor treatmentwith concurrent elevation of [CO2] and temperature, and this response could not be predicted from theresults of treatments with elevated [CO2] and temperature as single factors, where grain yield increased16% and decreased 56%, respectively. Elevated [O3] was found to decrease grain yield by 15%. Substantialvariation in response to the applied climate treatments was found between the accessions. The resultsrevealed landraces, cultivars, and breeder-lines with phenotypes applicable for breeding towards stableand high yield under future climate conditions. Further, we suggest identifying resources for breedingunder multifactor climate conditions, as single-factor treatments did not accurately forecast the response,when factors were combined.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Agronomy
Pages (from-to)105-113
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Carbon dioxide
  • Temperature
  • Carbon dioxide exploitation
  • Climate change
  • Combined treatment
  • Hordeum vulgare
  • Phenotypes
  • Production parameters
  • Ozone
  • Temperaturea


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