Shrinkage reduction of dental composites by addition of expandable zirconia filler

M. Skovgaard, Kristoffer Almdal, Bent F. Sørensen, Søren Linderoth, A. van Lelieveld

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    A problem with dental resin composites is the polymerization shrinkage, which makes the filling loosen from the tooth or induces crack formation. We have developed an expandable metastable tetragonal zirconia filler, which upon reaction with water, is able to counter the polymer shrinkage. The shrinkage of the composite was calculated from density measurements using Archimedes method. The rate of the phase transformation in resin was measured by determining the volume fraction of monoclinic zirconia (vm). The composite had a vm of 0.5 after 8 h of water storage. The overall shrinkage of the composites was reduced from 3.2% (initially) to 1.7%.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Composite Materials
    Issue number26
    Pages (from-to)2817-2822
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


    • Dental composite material
    • Zirconia
    • Phase transformation
    • Polymerization shrinkage


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