Short-Term Forecasting of Price-Responsive Loads Using Inverse Optimization

Javier Saez Gallego*, Juan M. Morales

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


We consider the problem of forecasting the aggregate demand of a pool of price-responsive consumers of electricity. The response of the aggregate load to price is modeled by an optimization problem that is characterized by a set of marginal utility curves and minimum and maximum power consumption limits. The task of estimating these parameters is addressed using a generalized inverse optimization scheme that, in turn, requires solving a nonconvex mathematical program. We introduce a solution method that overcomes the nonconvexities by solving instead two linear problems with a penalty term, which is statistically adjusted by using a cross-validation algorithm. The proposed methodology is data-driven and leverages information from regressors, such as time and weather variables, to account for changes in the parameter estimates. The power load of a group of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems in buildings is simulated, and the results show that the aggregate demand of the group can be successfully captured by the proposed model, making it suitable for short-term forecasting purposes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)4805-4814
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Inverse optimization
  • Load forecasting
  • Smart grid
  • Demand response


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