Short-term feed and light deprivation reduces voluntary activity but improves swimming performance in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss

Javed Rafiq Khan*, Carlo Cabacang Lazado, Caroline Methling, Peter Vilhelm Skov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (~ 180 g, 16 °C and < 5 kg m−3) that were feed deprived and kept in total darkness showed a significant increase in critical swimming speed (Ucrit) between 1 and 12 days of deprivation (from 3.35 to 4.46 body length (BL) s−1) with no increase in maximum metabolic rate (MMR). They also showed a significant decrease in the estimated metabolic rate at 0 BL s−1 over 12 days which leads to a higher factorial aerobic metabolic scope at day 12 (9.38) compared to day 1 (6.54). Routine metabolic rates were also measured in ~ 90 g rainbow trout that were swimming freely in large circular respirometers at 16 °C. These showed decreasing consumption oxygen rates and reductions in the amount of oxygen consumed above standard metabolic rate (a proxy for spontaneous activity) over 12 days, though this happened significantly faster when they were kept in total darkness when compared to a 12:12-h light–dark (LD) photoperiod. Weight loss during this period was also significantly reduced in total darkness (3.33% compared to 4.98% total body weight over 12 days). Immunological assays did not reveal any consistent up- or downregulation of antipathogenic and antioxidant enzymes in the serum or skin mucus of rainbow trout between 1 and 12 days of feed and light deprivation. Overall, short periods of deprivation do not appear to significantly affect the performance of rainbow trout which appear to employ a behavioural energy-sparing strategy, albeit more so in darkness than under a 12:12-h LD regime.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFish Physiology & Biochemistry
Volume44
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)329-341
ISSN0920-1742
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Aerobic scope
  • Metabolic rate
  • Oxygen consumption
  • Salmonids
  • Spontaneous activity

Cite this

@article{cc0295955f4943e08241598ba70353d4,
title = "Short-term feed and light deprivation reduces voluntary activity but improves swimming performance in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss",
abstract = "Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (~ 180 g, 16 °C and < 5 kg m−3) that were feed deprived and kept in total darkness showed a significant increase in critical swimming speed (Ucrit) between 1 and 12 days of deprivation (from 3.35 to 4.46 body length (BL) s−1) with no increase in maximum metabolic rate (MMR). They also showed a significant decrease in the estimated metabolic rate at 0 BL s−1 over 12 days which leads to a higher factorial aerobic metabolic scope at day 12 (9.38) compared to day 1 (6.54). Routine metabolic rates were also measured in ~ 90 g rainbow trout that were swimming freely in large circular respirometers at 16 °C. These showed decreasing consumption oxygen rates and reductions in the amount of oxygen consumed above standard metabolic rate (a proxy for spontaneous activity) over 12 days, though this happened significantly faster when they were kept in total darkness when compared to a 12:12-h light–dark (LD) photoperiod. Weight loss during this period was also significantly reduced in total darkness (3.33{\%} compared to 4.98{\%} total body weight over 12 days). Immunological assays did not reveal any consistent up- or downregulation of antipathogenic and antioxidant enzymes in the serum or skin mucus of rainbow trout between 1 and 12 days of feed and light deprivation. Overall, short periods of deprivation do not appear to significantly affect the performance of rainbow trout which appear to employ a behavioural energy-sparing strategy, albeit more so in darkness than under a 12:12-h LD regime.",
keywords = "Aerobic scope, Metabolic rate, Oxygen consumption, Salmonids, Spontaneous activity",
author = "Khan, {Javed Rafiq} and Lazado, {Carlo Cabacang} and Caroline Methling and Skov, {Peter Vilhelm}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1007/s10695-017-0438-0",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "329--341",
journal = "Fish Physiology & Biochemistry",
issn = "0920-1742",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

Short-term feed and light deprivation reduces voluntary activity but improves swimming performance in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. / Khan, Javed Rafiq; Lazado, Carlo Cabacang; Methling, Caroline; Skov, Peter Vilhelm.

In: Fish Physiology & Biochemistry, Vol. 44, No. 1, 2018, p. 329-341.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Short-term feed and light deprivation reduces voluntary activity but improves swimming performance in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss

AU - Khan, Javed Rafiq

AU - Lazado, Carlo Cabacang

AU - Methling, Caroline

AU - Skov, Peter Vilhelm

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (~ 180 g, 16 °C and < 5 kg m−3) that were feed deprived and kept in total darkness showed a significant increase in critical swimming speed (Ucrit) between 1 and 12 days of deprivation (from 3.35 to 4.46 body length (BL) s−1) with no increase in maximum metabolic rate (MMR). They also showed a significant decrease in the estimated metabolic rate at 0 BL s−1 over 12 days which leads to a higher factorial aerobic metabolic scope at day 12 (9.38) compared to day 1 (6.54). Routine metabolic rates were also measured in ~ 90 g rainbow trout that were swimming freely in large circular respirometers at 16 °C. These showed decreasing consumption oxygen rates and reductions in the amount of oxygen consumed above standard metabolic rate (a proxy for spontaneous activity) over 12 days, though this happened significantly faster when they were kept in total darkness when compared to a 12:12-h light–dark (LD) photoperiod. Weight loss during this period was also significantly reduced in total darkness (3.33% compared to 4.98% total body weight over 12 days). Immunological assays did not reveal any consistent up- or downregulation of antipathogenic and antioxidant enzymes in the serum or skin mucus of rainbow trout between 1 and 12 days of feed and light deprivation. Overall, short periods of deprivation do not appear to significantly affect the performance of rainbow trout which appear to employ a behavioural energy-sparing strategy, albeit more so in darkness than under a 12:12-h LD regime.

AB - Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (~ 180 g, 16 °C and < 5 kg m−3) that were feed deprived and kept in total darkness showed a significant increase in critical swimming speed (Ucrit) between 1 and 12 days of deprivation (from 3.35 to 4.46 body length (BL) s−1) with no increase in maximum metabolic rate (MMR). They also showed a significant decrease in the estimated metabolic rate at 0 BL s−1 over 12 days which leads to a higher factorial aerobic metabolic scope at day 12 (9.38) compared to day 1 (6.54). Routine metabolic rates were also measured in ~ 90 g rainbow trout that were swimming freely in large circular respirometers at 16 °C. These showed decreasing consumption oxygen rates and reductions in the amount of oxygen consumed above standard metabolic rate (a proxy for spontaneous activity) over 12 days, though this happened significantly faster when they were kept in total darkness when compared to a 12:12-h light–dark (LD) photoperiod. Weight loss during this period was also significantly reduced in total darkness (3.33% compared to 4.98% total body weight over 12 days). Immunological assays did not reveal any consistent up- or downregulation of antipathogenic and antioxidant enzymes in the serum or skin mucus of rainbow trout between 1 and 12 days of feed and light deprivation. Overall, short periods of deprivation do not appear to significantly affect the performance of rainbow trout which appear to employ a behavioural energy-sparing strategy, albeit more so in darkness than under a 12:12-h LD regime.

KW - Aerobic scope

KW - Metabolic rate

KW - Oxygen consumption

KW - Salmonids

KW - Spontaneous activity

U2 - 10.1007/s10695-017-0438-0

DO - 10.1007/s10695-017-0438-0

M3 - Journal article

VL - 44

SP - 329

EP - 341

JO - Fish Physiology & Biochemistry

JF - Fish Physiology & Biochemistry

SN - 0920-1742

IS - 1

ER -