Shift designs for freight handling personnel at air cargo terminals

Aiying Rong, Martin Grunow

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    This paper presents an integrated mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model for determining manpower requirements and related personnel shift designs for the build-up and break-down of the unit load devices (ULDs) at the air cargo terminal to minimize manpower costs. To utilize the manpower resources efficiently, we implement a new mechanism for demand leveling. In addition, we consider the qualification hierarchy between build-up and break-down workers. A case study based on the real-life data shows that the model is useful for manpower planning at air cargo terminals and the integrated approach is far superior to a traditional two-stage approach.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalTransportation Review. Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)725-739
    Publication statusPublished - 2009


    • Air cargo terminal
    • Demand leveling
    • Mixed integer linear programming
    • Personnel shift scheduling
    • Hierarchical workforces


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