Shielding efficiency of metal hydrides and borohydrides in fusion reactors

Vishvanath P. Singh, Nagappa M. Badiger, Leif Gerward

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Abstract

Mass attenuation coefficients, mean free paths and exposure buildup factors have been used to characterize the shielding efficiency of metal hydrides and borohydrides, with high density of hydrogen. Gamma ray exposure buildup factors were computed using five-parameter geometric progression fitting at energies 0.015 MeV to15 MeV, and for penetration depths up to 40 mean free paths. Fast-neutron shielding efficiency has been characterized by the effective neutron removal cross-section. It is shown that ZrH2 and VH2 are very good shielding materials for gamma rays and fast neutrons due to their suitable combination of low-and high-Z elements. The present work should be useful for the selection and design of blankets and shielding, and for dose evaluation for components in fusion reactors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNuclear Technology & Radiation Protection
Volume31
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)339-348
Number of pages10
ISSN1451-3994
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Hydride
  • Boron hydride
  • Buildup
  • Shielding
  • Fusion reactor

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