Shear Capacity of Steel and Polymer Fibre Reinforced Concrete Beams

Jens C. Kragh-Poulsen, Cao Linh Hoang, Per Goltermann

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This paper deals with the application of a plasticity model for shear strength estimation of fibre reinforced concrete beams without stirrups. When using plastic theory to shear problems in structural concrete, the so-called effective strengths are introduced, usually determined by calibrating the plastic solutions with tests. This approach is, however, problematic when dealing with fibre reinforced concrete (FRC), as the effective strengths depend also on the type and the amount of fibres. In this paper, it is suggested that the effective tensile strength of FRC can be determined on the basis of the tensile stress-crack opening relationship found from wedge splitting tests. To determine the effective compressive strength of FRC, it is proposed to adopt the formula used for conventional concrete and modify it by introducing a fibre enhancement factor to describe the effect of fibres on the compressive softening behaviour of FRC. The enhancement factor is determined as the ratio of the areas below the stress–strain curves for FRC and for conventional concrete. The outlined approach has been verified by shear testing of beams containing no fibres, 0.5% steel fibre volume and 0.5% polymer fibre volume. The tests results are compared with estimations and show satisfactory agreements, indicating that the proposed approach can be used.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials and Structures
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1079-1091
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Shear strength
  • Polymer fibre
  • Steel fibre
  • Plasticity model
  • Reinforced concrete beams

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