Shallow hydrocarbon gas in the northern Jutland-Kattegat region, Denmark

Niels Oluf Jørgensen, Troels Laier, Bjørn Buchardt, Tommy Licht Cederberg

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Abstract

Carbon and hydrogen isotopic compositions and chemical analyses are reported for gas samples collected front I I gas wells, two gas seeps and 8 water wells in Vendsyssel, northern Jutland, and the island of Laeso in Kattegat, Denmark. The chemical composition shows methane-rich gas, poor in heavy gaseous hydrocarbons with a C2+ concentration less than 0.01 %. The methane is relatively depleted with respect to the heavy isotopes, i.e. delta C-13: -63.6 parts per thousand to -89.2 parts per thousand delta H-2: - 177 parts per thousand to -2288 parts per thousand. The data fall within the range which is generally considered to characterize microbial gas formed via CO2 reduction. There is no evidence of contribution of gas from thermogenic sources. The gas is known from a large number of gas wells and water wells in Upper Pleistocene marine deposits and from submarine gas seeps in the Kattegat. The gas field has a NW to SE areal extent subparallel to the northern limit of the Danish sub-basin and the major fault-systems of the Fennoscandian border zone. This distribution coincides with the occurences of a tectonic depression in the pre-Quaternary surface which primarily is filled in with Eemian and Weichselian marine sediments. The gas most likely derives from degradation of organic material in the Upper Pleistocene marine sediments themselves and is subsequently trapped in restricted reservoirs of sand and gravel.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, Part 1-2
Volume38
Pages (from-to)69-76
ISSN0011-6297
Publication statusPublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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