Sex differences in vocal behavior in virtual rooms compared to real rooms

Georgios Papadimitriou, Jonas Brunskog, Franz M. Heuchel, Viveka Lyberg Åhlander, Greta Öhlund Wistbacka

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This study investigates speech production under various room acoustic conditions in virtual environments, by comparing vocal behavior and the subjective experience of speaking in four real rooms and their audio-visual virtual replicas. Sex differences were explored. Males and females (N = 13) adjusted their voice levels similarly to room acoustic changes in the real rooms, but only males did so in the virtual rooms. Females, however, rated the visual virtual environment as more realistic compared to males. This suggests a discrepancy between sexes regarding the experience of realism in a virtual environment and changes in objective behavioral measures such as voice level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045201
JournalJASA Express Letters
Issue number4
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2024


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