The IgG seroreaction of Salmonella-infected cattle herds against a fimbrial antigen (SEF14) was compared with that against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) antigens. Sera from 23 dairy herds (n = 205) from an island with no occurrence of salmonellosis, four herds (n = 303) with recent outbreaks of S. dublin and four herds (n = 168) with recent outbreaks of S. typhimurium, were tested in a SEF14-ELISA, S. dublin LPS (0:1, 9, 12) ELISA and S. typhimurium LPS (0:1, 4, 5; 12) ELISA. At a cut-off OD of 0.5, only one of the animals tested from the salmonellosis-free island showed significant seroreaction against the SEF14 antigen, which was confirmed in a Western-blot analysis. Three out of the four S. dublin-infected herds had several seroreactors in thr SEF14-ELISA, whereas all the four herds were positive in the 0:1, 9, 12-ELISA. All but two samples (both from the same herd) in the four S. typhimurium-infected herds, positive in the 0:1,4, 5, 12-ELISA, had OD values below 0.5 in the SEF14-ELISA. The results indicate that cattle can produce detectable specific antibodies against fimbrial antigens which may be used for screening of S. dublin-infected herds, particularly in areas with low prevalence of salmonellosis, increasing the predictive value of serology.
|Journal||Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B-Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|