A total of 103 Danish Haemophilus parasuis field isolates was collected from diseased pigs in connection with routine diagnostics. The isolates were serotyped using indirect haemagglutination (IHA) and for 57 of the isolates the serotyping was also performed by immunodiffusion. Serovar 5 was the most prevalent (36%), followed by serovar 4 (13%) and serovar 13 (22%), whereas 15% of the strains were nontypeable by IHA. Serovars 1, 2, 6, 7, 9, 12, 14, and 15 were only represented by a small number of isolates. Most of the Danish isolates belong to serovars, which earlier have been shown to be virulent. The strains could be divided into two groups depending on whether they were isolated from cases with systemic disease (polyserositis, arthritis or meningitis) or if they only were found in the lower respiratory tract. The most marked differences were observed for serovar 4, which had a higher prevalence in respiratory disease compared to systemic infection, and for the nontypeable isolates, which were mainly found in cases of systemic infection.
- Haemophilus parasuis