Sequential power flow algorithm and post-event steady-state power distribution analysis in hybrid AC/MT-MVDC systems

Pingyang Sun*, Rongcheng Wu, Zhiwei Shen, Gen Li, Muhammad Khalid, Graham Town, Georgios Konstantinou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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In hybrid ac/multi-terminal medium-voltage dc (AC/MT-MVDC) systems with multiple voltage source converters (VSCs) and dc/dc converters, it is essential to attain accurate initial power flow (PF) and post-event power distribution solutions efficiently. This paper proposes: (i) a novel sequential PF algorithm for hybrid AC/MT-MVDC systems by a Fibonacci search-based Newton–Raphson (FSNR) approach with uniform MVDC bus type definition, while considering power losses and varied control schemes of different converters; (ii) a zero error steady-state post-event power distribution calculation method under droop control by the introduction of dynamic I/V droop coefficients based on the FS algorithm. The FSNR approach simplifies the MVDC PF derivation by only requiring the definition of the dc current bus type, effectively eliminating the need to solve multiple sub-Jacobian matrices. Furthermore, the post-event power distribution analysis offers precise power redistribution calculation approach following disturbances by considering both open- and closed-loop operation in an MT-MVDC distribution system. The computational efficiency and validity of the proposed PF algorithm, along with the accuracy of presented post-event power distribution calculation method are verified through Python and RTDS real-time simulators in an extended MT-MVDC distribution network incorporated with the IEEE 14/33/69 bus transmission/distribution systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number109828
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Hybrid AC/MTMVDC system
  • MVDC distribution network
  • Voltage source converter (VSC)
  • Dc/dc converter
  • Power flow (F)
  • Power distribution
  • Droop control


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