Sequential Offline-Online-Offline (SO3) Measurement Approach for High Frequency LCLC Resonant Converters in the TWTA Applications

Bin Zhao, Xin Zhang*, Zhe Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The high frequency LCLC resonant converter is one of the important parts of the two-stage power supply in the space travelling-wave tube amplifier (TWTA) application. Usually, the high frequency LCLC resonant converter utilizes open-loop control and simultaneously sets its switching frequency and duty cycle to the required values to guarantee low cost and high power efficiency. However, the required switching frequency and duty cycle are determined by the transformer parasitic parameters. Therefore, how to measure the real transformer parasitic parameters under the real working conditions precisely becomes very important to the high frequency LCLC resonant converter. The conventional way to measure the transformer parasitics is to employ an offline impedance analyzer. However, the transformer parasitics under real operating conditions may deviate from the offline measured results. The online measurement methods can obtain the real values when the high frequency LCLC resonant converter is working, but these online approaches also mean additional cost and complex implementation requirement. To solve the above problems, a sequential offline-online-offline (SO3) measurement method is proposed in this paper. With this SO3 measurement approach, all the real transformer parasitics can be easily obtained in a low cost and simple implementation way, which combines the advantages of both traditional offline and online measurement methods while removing their corresponding shortcomings. The proposed method is validated by the experiments.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Volume67
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)1568-1579
Number of pages11
ISSN0278-0046
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • LCLC resonant converter
  • Measurement method
  • Sequential offline-online-offline (SO3)
  • Transformer parasitic parameters
  • Travelling-wave tube amplifier

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