Self-sustained ammonium recovery from wastewater and upcycling for hydrogen- oxidizing bacteria-based power-to-protein conversion

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Abstract

Microbial protein (MP) production by autotrophic hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria is regarded as a potentially sustainable approach to mitigate food crisis, water pollution, and climate change. Herein, a hybrid biological-inorganic (HBI) system which coupled energy-neutral ammonium recovery and in-situ upcycling for MP production was demonstrated. No energy and acids/bases were needed for ammonium recovery and pH control. The system was tested with different amounts of CO2 supply and operated at different operational modes (microbial fuel cell or microbial electrolysis cell mode). 0.381 g/L of biomass containing 64.79% of crude protein was produced using the recovered nitrogen and therefore led to 76.8% of ammonium recovery and 84.6% of COD removal from real municipal wastewater. The system although not yet optimal in terms of efficiency has a meaning in alleviating food crisis and environmental issues. Altogether, this study offers insight into developing an energy and resource-efficient power-to-protein process to supplement conventional food production globally.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBioresource Technology
Number of pages29
ISSN0960-8524
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Ammonium recovery
  • In-situ
  • Single cell protein
  • Wastewater
  • Water electrolysis

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