Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx over V2O5-WO3-TiO2 SCR Catalysts—A Study at Elevated Pressure for Maritime Pre-turbine SCR Configuration

Steen R. Christensen, Brian B. Hansen, Kim H. Pedersen, Joakim R. Thøgersen, Anker D. Jensen*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx using NH3 was studied at pressures up to 5 bar over a vanadium-based SCR catalyst (~1 wt% V2O5 and 10 wt% WO3/TiO2), relevant for the installation of SCR reactors upstream of the turbocharger at marine engines. Experiments were performed using both granulated catalyst in a lab-scale fixed-bed reactor and a monolith catalyst in a bench-scale setup. The residence time across the catalytic bed was kept constant, by increasing the (normalized (0 °C, 1 atm)) volumetric flow rate proportionally to the pressure. The results show that for the granulated catalyst, the NOx conversion was independent of the pressure, indicating that the SCR kinetics are not affected by the increased pressure up to 5 bar. NH3 temperature-programmed desorption experiments showed that the catalyst NH3 adsorption increased with more than 30% when the pressure was increased from 1 bar to 4.5 bar. On the other hand, when the adsorption temperature was increased from 150 to 300 °C, the adsorption capacity decreased by approximately 60% independent on the pressure. The SCR reaction was unaffected by the increased NH3 uptake caused by the increased pressure, because only a certain fraction of the sites (θNH3∗ = 0.14) was found to be active in the SCR reaction, and these are filled up at lower NH3 partial pressure than the total number of sites. Experiments using a monolithic catalyst showed that at temperatures above 250 °C, the NOx conversion was lower at an increased pressure (3.1 bar) when the residence time was held constant. This decrease was ascribed to increased internal and external diffusion limitations at the elevated pressure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEmission Control Science and Technology
Volume5
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)263–278
ISSN2199-3629
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • High-pressure SCR of NO
  • NH TPD
  • Pre-turbo SCR
  • SCR of NO on ships
  • V/W/Ti catalyst

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