We report on selection and stabilization of transverse optical patterns in a feedback mirror experiment. Amplitude filtering in the Fourier plane is used to select otherwise unstable spatial patterns. Optical turbulence observed for nonlinearities far above the pattern formation threshold is stabilized by low-pass filtering of the optical power spectrum. Experimental observations obtained with a photorefractive nonlinearity are consistent with calculations based on a generic, cubic nonlinearity.
Mamaev, A. V., & Saffman, M. (1998). Selection of unstable patterns and control of optical turbulence by Fourier plane filtering. Physical Review Letters, 80(16), 3499-3502. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.80.3499