Selection for life-history traits to maximize population growth in an invasive marine species

Cornelia Jaspers*, Lise Marty, Thomas Kiørboe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Species establishing outside their natural range, negatively impacting local ecosystems, are of increasing global concern. They often display life-history features characteristic for r-selected populations with fast growth and high reproduction rates to achieve positive population growth rates (r) in invaded habitats. Here, we demonstrate substantially earlier maturation at a 2 orders of magnitude lower body mass at first reproduction in invasive compared to native populations of the comb jelly Mnemiopsis leidyi. Empirical results are corroborated by a theoretical model for competing life-history traits that predicts maturation at the smallest possible size to optimize r, while individual lifetime reproductive success (R0 ), optimized in native populations, is near constant over a large range of intermediate maturation sizes. We suggest that high variability in reproductive tactics in native populations is an underappreciated determinant of invasiveness, acting as substrate upon which selection can act during the invasion process.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume24
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1164-1174
ISSN1354-1013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Mnemiopsis leidyi
  • comb jelly
  • evolution of life-history traits
  • evolutionary biology
  • global change
  • invasion ecology
  • jellyfish
  • reproduction and population growth

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