Seismic distress and slope instability of municipal solid waste landfills

Varvara Zania, Yiannis Tsompanakis, Prodromos N. Psarropoulos, Yiannis Tsompanakis

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The impact of seismic loading on municipal solid waste landfills is investigated numerically in the current study. Initially, the role of the main parameters involved in the linear or nonlinear dynamic response of landfills is determined in terms of developed inertial acceleration. The most important factors are the geometry, the waste material properties, and the characteristics of the seismic excitation. Concerning the evaluation of the potential failure mechanisms, the effect of the main parameters on the slope stability is underlined, and a comparison between circular slope instability and base sliding is presented. Furthermore, according to the failure envelopes adopted in the literature for the shear strength of the waste material, a decoupled procedure is utilized to estimate the developed landfill deformations. Finally, the generation of parasitic vertical acceleration (due to the multidimensional nature of the problem) is taken into account in stability assessment, while its effect on the resulting deformation is determined.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Earthquake Engineering
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)312-340
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


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