We propose a novel and efficient way of performing local image segmentation. For many applications a threshold of pixel intensities is sufficient but determine the appropriate threshold value can be difficult. In cases with large global intensity variation the threshold value has to be adapted locally. We propose a method based on large scale hypothesis testing with a consistent method for selecting an appropriate threshold for the given data. By estimating the background distribution we characterize the segment of interest as a set of outliers with a certain probability based on the estimated densities thus with what certainty the segmented object is not a part of the background. Because the method relies on local information it is very robust to changes in lighting conditions and shadowing effects. The method is applied to endoscopic images of small particles submerged in fluid captured through a microscope and we show how the method can handle transparent particles with significant glare point. The method generalizes to other problems. THis is illustrated by applying the method to camera calibration images and MRI of the midsagittal plane for gray and white matter separation and segmentation of the corpus callosum. Comparing the methods corpus callosum segmentation to manual segmentation an average dice score of 0.86 is obtained over 40 images.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|
|Event||5th International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications - Angers, France|
Duration: 17 May 2010 → 21 May 2010
|Conference||5th International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications|
|Period||17/05/2010 → 21/05/2010|