Secondary organic aerosols from ozone-initiated reactions with emissions from wood-based materials and a ‘‘green’’ paint

Jørn Toftum, Sarah Freund, Tunga Salthammer, Charles J. Weschler

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This study examined the formation and growth of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) generated when ozone was added to a 1 m3 glass chamber that contained either pine shelving, oriented strand board (OSB), beech boards, or beach boards painted with an ‘‘eco’’ paint. The experiments were conducted at close to real-world conditions; the chamber was ventilated at w0.5 air changes/h; the loadings (exposed surface of building materials to chamber volume) were in the range of 1–2.5 m2m3; and the initial O3 concentrations were between 15 and 40 ppb. Throughout each experiment particles were measured with both a condensation nuclei counter and an optical counter, while terpenes were measured before and after the ozone exposure period using sorbent tubes. The pine boards emitted primarily a-pinene and 3-carene and lesser amounts of 5 other terpenes; when O3 was introduced, the particle counts increased dramatically; the mass concentration reached w15 mgm3 at w20 ppb O3, and w95 mgm3 at w40 ppb O3. The OSB emitted primarily limonene and a-pinene. Although the particle counts increased when O3 was introduced, the increase was not as large as anticipated based on the terpene concentrations. The beech boards emitted negligible quantities of terpenes, and the introduction of O3 resulted in almost no increase in the particle concentration. Beech boards painted with an ‘‘eco’’ paint emitted large amounts of limonene and lesser amounts of carvone; upon introduction of O3 the particle counts increased sharply with the mass concentration reaching w20 mgm3 at w15 ppb O3 and w160 mgm3 at w35 ppb O3. These experiments demonstrate that the emission of terpenes and potential generation of SOA varies greatly among different types of wood and pressed wood materials. In the case of the pine boards and painted beech boards, the SOA concentrations generated at modest O3 concentrations approach or exceed current guideline levels for PM2.5 established by the US EPA and the World Health Organization.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume42
Issue number33
Pages (from-to)7632-7640
ISSN1352-2310
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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