Seat headrest-incorporated personalized ventilation: Thermal comfort and inhaled air quality

Arsen Krikor Melikov, T. Ivanova, G. Stefanova

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    The performance of personalized ventilation with seat headrest-mounted air supply terminal devices (ATD), named seat headrest personalized ventilation (SHPV), was studied. Physical measurements using a breathing thermal manikin were taken to identify its ability to provide clean air to inhalation depending on design, shape, size and positioning of the ATD, flow rate and temperature of personalized air, room temperature, clothing thermal insulation of the manikin, etc. Tracer gas was mixed with the room air. The air supplied by the SHPV was free of tracer gas. Tracer gas concentration in the air inhaled by the manikin was measured and used to assess the clean air supply efficiency of the SHPV. The response of 35 subjects was collected to examine thermal comfort with the SHPV. The subjects participated in 3 experiments at personalized air temperature and room air temperature of 22/20 °C, 23/23 °C and 26/26 °C, respectively. Questionnaires were used to collect human responses. Personal exposure effectiveness (the portion of the clean personalized air in inhalation) of up to 99% was measured during the manikin experiments. The results suggest a dramatic improvement of inhaled air quality and a decreased risk of airborne cross-infection when SHPV is used. Subjects assessed the air movement and the cooling provided by the SHPV as acceptable. Acceptability was unchanged over in time and increased with the increase of the air temperature. No draught was reported. The SHPV can be used in spaces where occupants are seated most of the time, e.g. theatres, vehicle compartments, etc. © 2011 .
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBuilding and Environment
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)100-108
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • Thermal comfort
    • Airborne cross-infection
    • Inhaled air quality
    • Human response
    • Personalized ventilation
    • Seat headrest-mounted air supply nozzles


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