Seasonal changes in vitamin D status among Danish adolescent girls and elderly women: the influence of sun exposure and vitamin D intake.

Rikke Andersen, C Brot, Jette Jakobsen, Heddie Mejborn, C. Mølgaard, L. T. Skovgaard, Ellen Trolle, Inge Tetens, L. Ovesen

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Abstract

Background/objectives:To determine seasonal variation in vitamin D status in healthy Caucasian adolescent girls and elderly community-dwelling women living in Denmark, and to quantify the impact of sun exposure and intake on the seasonal changes in vitamin D status.Subjects/methods:A 1-year longitudinal observational study of 54 girls (11-13 years) and 52 women (70-75 years). The participants were examined three times (winter-summer-winter). Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (S-25OHD) concentration and vitamin D intake were measured at each visit. Sun exposure was measured during summer.Results:S-25OHD concentrations (winter, summer, winter) were median (25, 75 percentiles) 23.4 (16.5, 36.4), 60.3 (42.7, 67.7), 29.5 (22.2, 40.4) and 47.2 (27.3, 61.1), 67.3 (35.1, 79.2), 50.5 (32.7, 65.5) nmol/l for girls and women, respectively. The usual sun habits were determinant (P=0.002) for change in vitamin D status from winter to summer. Vitamin D intake from supplements (P
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume67
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)270-274
Number of pages5
ISSN0954-3007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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